Predicting and characterizing a cancer dependency map of tumors with deep learning

Yu Chiao Chiu, Siyuan Zheng, Li Ju Wang, Brian S. Iskra, Manjeet K. Rao, Peter J. Houghton, Yufei Huang, Yidong Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Genome-wide loss-of-function screens have revealed genes essential for cancer cell proliferation, called cancer dependencies. It remains challenging to link cancer dependencies to the molecular compositions of cancer cells or to unscreened cell lines and further to tumors. Here, we present DeepDEP, a deep learning model that predicts cancer dependencies using integrative genomic profiles. It uses a unique unsupervised pretraining that captures unlabeled tumor genomic representations to improve the learning of cancer dependencies. We demonstrated DeepDEP's improvement over conventional machine learning methods and validated the performance with three independent datasets. By systematic model interpretations, we extended the current dependency maps with functional characterizations of dependencies and a proof-of-concept in silico assay of synthetic essentiality. We applied DeepDEP to pan-cancer tumor genomics and built the first pan-cancer synthetic dependency map of 8000 tumors with clinical relevance. In summary, DeepDEP is a novel tool for investigating cancer dependency with rapidly growing genomic resources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbereabh1275
JournalScience Advances
Volume7
Issue number34
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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