Practical aspects and uncertainty analysis of biological effective dose (BED) regarding its three-dimensional calculation in multiphase radiotherapy treatment plans

Kevin I. Kauweloa, Alonso N. Gutierrez, Angelo Bergamo, Sotirios Stathakis, Nikos Papanikolaou, Panayiotis Mavroidis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: There is a growing interest in the radiation oncology community to use the biological effective dose (BED) rather than the physical dose (PD) in treatment plan evaluation and optimization due to its stronger correlation with radiobiological effects. Radiotherapy patients may receive treatments involving a single only phase or multiple phases (e.g., primary and boost). Since most treatment planning systems cannot calculate the analytical BED distribution in multiphase treatments, an approximate multiphase BED expression, which is based on the total physical dose distribution, has been used. The purpose of this paper is to reveal the mathematical properties of the approximate BED formulation, relative to the true BED. Methods: The mathematical properties of the approximate multiphase BED equation are analyzed and evaluated. In order to better understand the accuracy of the approximate multiphase BED equation, the true multiphase BED equation was derived and the mathematical differences between the true and approximate multiphase BED equations were determined. The magnitude of its inaccuracies under common clinical circumstances was also studied. All calculations were performed on a voxel-by-voxel basis using the three-dimensional dose matrices. Results: Results showed that the approximate multiphase BED equation is accurate only when the dose-per-fractions (DPFs) in both the first and second phases are equal, which occur when the dose distribution does not significantly change between the phases. In the case of heterogeneous dose distributions, which significantly vary between the phases, there are fewer occurrences of equal DPFs and hence the inaccuracy of the approximate multiphase BED is greater. These characteristics are usually seen in the dose distributions being delivered to organs at risk rather than to targets. Conclusions: The finding of this study indicates that the true multiphase BED equation should be implemented in the treatment planning systems due to the inconsistent accuracy of the approximate multiphase BED equation in most of the clinical situations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number071707
JournalMedical Physics
Volume41
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

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Uncertainty
Radiotherapy
Organs at Risk
Radiation Oncology
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • BED
  • biological effective dose
  • multi-phase
  • radiotherapy
  • treatment plans

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Practical aspects and uncertainty analysis of biological effective dose (BED) regarding its three-dimensional calculation in multiphase radiotherapy treatment plans. / Kauweloa, Kevin I.; Gutierrez, Alonso N.; Bergamo, Angelo; Stathakis, Sotirios; Papanikolaou, Nikos; Mavroidis, Panayiotis.

In: Medical Physics, Vol. 41, No. 7, 071707, 2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kauweloa, Kevin I. ; Gutierrez, Alonso N. ; Bergamo, Angelo ; Stathakis, Sotirios ; Papanikolaou, Nikos ; Mavroidis, Panayiotis. / Practical aspects and uncertainty analysis of biological effective dose (BED) regarding its three-dimensional calculation in multiphase radiotherapy treatment plans. In: Medical Physics. 2014 ; Vol. 41, No. 7.
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