PR interval prolongation is significantly associated with aortic root abscess: An age- and gender-matched study

Utkarsh Kohli, Shirlene Obuobi, Karima Addetia, Takeyoshi Ota, Hemal M. Nayak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Electrocardiographic abnormalities, such as PR interval prolongation, have been anecdotally reported in patients with aortic root abscess (ARA). An electrocardiographic marker may be useful in identifying those patients with aortic valve endocarditis who may progress to ARA. The objective of this study is to evaluate the change in the PR interval in patients with surgically confirmed ARA and compare it to age- and gender-matched controls with echocardiographically or surgically confirmed aortic valve endocarditis but without aortic root abscess and those hospitalized with diagnoses other than endocarditis. Methods: Patients were eligible for enrollment if they were 18 years or older and were hospitalized for either ARA, aortic valve endocarditis, or for unrelated reasons and had at least one 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) prior to or on the day of hospitalization and at least one ECG after hospitalization but prior to any cardiac surgical procedure. Delta PR interval, defined as the difference between the pre- and post-admission PR interval, was the primary outcome of interest. The patients in the ARA group were age- and gender-matched to patients with aortic valve endocarditis and to those without endocarditis. Comparisons of demographic variables and study outcomes were performed. Results: Eighteen patients with surgically confirmed ARA were enrolled. These patients were age- and gender-matched to 19 patients with aortic valve endocarditis and 18 patients with no past history or evidence of endocarditis during hospitalization. No difference was noted in the baseline PR interval between the groups. However, the PR interval following admission in the aortic root abscess group (201 ± 66 ms) was significantly longer than the PR interval in both the aortic valve endocarditis (162 ± 27 ms) (24%, p =.009) and no endocarditis (143 ± 24 ms) (40%, p <.001) groups. The primary outcome measure, delta PR interval, was significantly longer in the ARA group (35 ± 51 ms) than no endocarditis (−5 ± 17 ms) (p =.001) and aortic valve endocarditis groups (0.2 ± 18) (p =.003). Conclusions: The findings of our study support the notion that the PR interval is more likely to be prolonged in patients with ARA. Since ARA is associated with a high morbidity and mortality, PR interval prolongation in a patient with aortic valve endocarditis should prompt a thorough evaluation for aortic root involvement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere12849
JournalAnnals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • PR interval prolongation
  • aortic root abscess
  • endocarditis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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