Potentiation of cocaine-induced coronary vasoconstriction by beta-adrenergic blockade

R. A. Lange, R. G. Cigarroa, E. D. Flores, W. McBride, A. S. Kim, P. J. Wells, J. B. Bedotto, R. S. Danziger, L. D. Hillis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

305 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study objective: To determine whether beta-adrenergic blockade augments cocaine-induced coronary artery vasoconstriction. Design: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Setting: A cardiac catheterization laboratory in an urban teaching hospital. Patients: Thirty clinically stable patient volunteers referred for catheterization for evaluation of chest pain. Interventions: Heart rate, arterial pressure, coronary sinus blood flow (by thermodilution), and epicardial left coronary arterial dimensions were measured before and 15 minutes after intranasal saline or cocaine administration (2 mg/kg body weight) and again after intracoronary propranolol administration (2 mg in 5 minutes). Measurements and main results: No variables changed after saline administration. After cocaine administration, arterial pressure and rate-pressure product increased; coronary sinus blood flow fell (139 ± 28 [mean ± SE] to 120 ± 20 mL/min); coronary vascular resistance (mean arterial pressure divided by coronary sinus blood flow) rose (0.87 ± 0.10 to 1.05 ± 0.10 mm Hg/mL · min); and coronary arterial diameters decreased by between 6% and 9% (P < 0.05 for all variables). Subsequently, intracoronary propranolol administration caused no change in arterial pressure or rate-pressure product but further decreased coronary sinus blood flow (to 100 ± 14 mL/min) and increased coronary vascular resistance (to 1.20 ± 0.12 mm Hg/mL · min) (P < 0.05 for both). Conclusions: Cocaine-induced coronary vasoconstriction is potentiated by beta-adrenergic blockade. Beta-adrenergic blocking agents probably should be avoided in patients with cocaine-associated myocardial ischemia or infarction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)897-903
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of internal medicine
Volume112
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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    Lange, R. A., Cigarroa, R. G., Flores, E. D., McBride, W., Kim, A. S., Wells, P. J., Bedotto, J. B., Danziger, R. S., & Hillis, L. D. (1990). Potentiation of cocaine-induced coronary vasoconstriction by beta-adrenergic blockade. Annals of internal medicine, 112(12), 897-903. https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-112-12-897