Previously, we reported that a predominant action of a type-1 insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF-1R)- targeted antibody was through inhibiting tumor-derived VEGF, and indirectly, angiogenesis. Here, we examined the direct antiangiogenic activity of the IGF-1R-targeted antibody SCH717454 that inhibits ligand-receptor binding and the mechanism by which tumors circumvent its antiangiogenic activity. Inhibition of ligand-stimulated activation of IGF-1R, insulin receptor (IN-R), or downstream signaling [phosphorylation of Akt (Ser473)] was determined by receptor-specific immunoprecipitation and immunoblotting. Inhibition of angiogenesis was determined by proliferation and tube formation usinghumanumbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) in vitro and in Matrigel plugs implanted in mice. SCH717454 blocked IGF-1-stimulated but not IGF-2- stimulated phosphorylation of Akt in sarcoma cells. Immunoprecipitation using anti-IGF-1R and anti-IN-R antibodies revealed that SCH717454 equally blocked IGF-1-stimulated and IGF-2-stimulated IGF-1R phosphorylation, but not IGF-2-stimulated phosphorylation of IN-R. SCH717454 completely blocked VEGF-stimulated proliferation and tube formation of HUVECs, but exogenous IGF-2 and insulin circumvented these inhibitory effects. Coculture of HUVECs with IGF-2-secreting tumor cells completely abrogated SCH717454 inhibition of VEGF-stimulated HUVEC tube formation. In mice, SCH717454 inhibited angiogenesis in VEGF-infused Matrigel plugs, but had no inhibitory activity when plugs contained both VEGF + IGF-2. These results reveal for the first time, a role for IGF-1R signaling in VEGF-mediated angiogenesis in vitro and indicate direct antiangiogenic activity of SCH717454. Both in vitro and in vivo IGF-2 circumvented these effects through IN-R signaling. Many childhood cancers secrete IGF-2, suggesting that tumor-derived IGF-2 in the microenvironment maintains angiogenesis in the presence of IGF-1R-targeted antibodies allowing tumor progression.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research