Postoperative Polyp Scale (POPS): Development of a New Sinonasal Polyp Grading Scale

Arthur W. Wu, Akaber M. Halawi, Elisa A. Illing, Dennis M. Tang, Philip G. Chen, Edward C. Kuan, Jonathan Y. Ting, Daniel A. Norez, Stacey A. Kim, Dhruv Sharma, Douglas D. Reh, Sanjeet V. Rangarajan, Kent K. Lam, Randall A. Ow, J. Wesley Sublett, Thomas S. Higgins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Objective: Commonly used endoscopic grading scales, such as the nasal polyp scale, inadequately describe the degree of polyposis found postoperatively in the paranasal sinus cavities. The purpose of this study was to create a novel grading system that more accurately characterizes polyp recurrence in postoperative sinus cavities, the Postoperative Polyp Scale (POPS). Methods: A modified Delphi method was utilized to establish the POPS using consensus opinion among 13 general otolaryngologists, rhinologists, and allergists. Postoperative endoscopy videos from 50 patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps were reviewed by 7 fellowship-trained rhinologists and scored according to the POPS. Videos were rated again 1 month later by the same reviewers, and scores were assessed for test–retest and inter-rater reliability. Results: Overall inter-rater reliability for the first and second reviews of the 52 videos was Kf = 0.49 (95% CI 0.42–0.57) and Kf = 0.50 (95% CI 0.42–0.57) for the POPS. Intra-rater reliability showed near-perfect test–retest reliability for the POPS with Kf = 0.80 (95% CI 0.76–0.84). Conclusion: The POPS is an easy-to-use, reliable, and novel objective endoscopic grading scale that more accurately describes polyp recurrence in the postoperative state which will be useful in the future for measuring the efficacy of various medical and surgical interventions. Level of Evidence: 5 Laryngoscope, 133:2885–2890, 2023.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2885-2890
Number of pages6
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2023


  • chronic rhinosinusitis
  • endoscopic grading
  • endoscopic sinus surgery
  • nasal polyps
  • outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology


Dive into the research topics of 'Postoperative Polyp Scale (POPS): Development of a New Sinonasal Polyp Grading Scale'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this