A study was performed on 150 dry, adult, human mandibles from cadavers of unspecified sex and unknown ethnic background, which had been imported from India. These mandibles were placed in the "standard basal position" and topographically divided into 11 bilateral areas posterior to the second bicuspid teeth. The accessory foramina in these areas were studied to determine their mean diameter, incidence of occurrence, and the areas in which they occurred. The medial surfaces of the mandibles exhibited foramina more frequently and in greater numbers than did the lateral surfaces. The right and left halves of the mandibles showed remarkable similarity. Much of the data obtained correlated with previous investigations, indicating that neurovascular components enter and leave the body on the mandible in the posterior region. Foramina 0.4 mm. or larger in diameter were evaluated separately. These larger foramina occur most often in the superior and middle thirds on the medial surface of the ramus (areas 6 and 7). They also occur fairly frequently in the retromolar area (area 11). This information can be usefully applied to future dissection studies concerning the soft-tissue components of these foramina. The data obtained reveal that these foramina occur frequently and in approximately the same locations. This suggests that these foramina are functionally important in supplying neural and/or vascular components to the mandible.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Oral Surgery