Post-transcriptional regulation of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone gene in GT1-7 cells

Andrea C. Gore, Tracy T. Yeo, Angela Ho, James L. Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

GT1-7 cells respond to treatment with the phorbol ester, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), with an inhibition of transcription of the proGnRH gene and decreases in GnRH mRNA levels. However, the timing of this decrease in GnRH mRNA levels suggests that a decrease in GnRH mRNA stability may be involved in addition to an inhibition of transcription of the proGnRH gene. To address this possibility, we treated GT1-7 cells with 100 nM PMA for 4 h and then monitored GnRH mRNA levels over time after blockade of GnRH gene transcription with DRB. PMA treatment caused GnRH mRNA half-life to decrease from 30 to 11 h. Then, to verify this observation, we examined changes in GnRH mRNA poly (A) tail length, which may be a reflection of mRNA turnover, following treatment of GT1-7 cells with PMA or vehicle for 0, 4, 8 or 24 h. The poly (A) tail was removed from half of the GT1 cytoplasmic RNA sample by digestion with RNase H and the difference in GnRH mRNA size with and without RNase H treatment was determined by Northern hybridization. PMA treatment (4 and 8 h) resulted in a significant decrease in the length of the GnRH mRNA poly (A) tail, consistent with a decrease in GnRH mRNA stability. This finding suggests that GnRH mRNA turnover is inducible by substances such as PMA. Our study indicates that a change in mRNA stability is one of a multiplicity of levels at which GnRH gene expression is regulated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)271-277
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neuroendocrinology
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • GT1 cells
  • GnRH mRNA stability
  • Phorbol ester
  • Poly (A) tail

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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