Possible mechanisms of TSH - Independent thyroid growth

Andrzej Lewiński, Susan Webb, Russel J. Reiter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Considerable evidence has been accumulated which indicates the participation of the autonomic nervous system in the growth of adrenals, ovaries, testes and thyroid lobes. Results have been gathered indicating that the pituitary is not required for the growth of the thyroid, adrenals and ovaries; interest is currently focused on the involvement of the pineal gland in the control of growth not only of the gonads, but also of the thyroid. This paper summarizes the data currently available on the concepts of thyroid hypertrophic and hyperplastic mechanisms, which occur independently of thyrotropin (TSH), and which suggest the existence of a reciprocal relationship between the pineal and the thyroid.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-160
Number of pages20
JournalMedical Hypotheses
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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