Possible mechanisms of inhibition with atropine against noradrenaline‐induced contraction in the rabbit aorta

Nobuhiro Satake, Sumio Kiyoto, Shoji Shibata, Vijayalakshmi Gandhi, David J. Jones, Masako Morikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the rabbit isolated aorta, atropine (3 × 10−6 m‐10−4 m) inhibited contractile response to noradrenaline without affecting contraction to KCl. In the presence of contraction to noradrenaline, atropine (3 × 10−7 m‐10−4 m) caused concentration‐dependent relaxation. Pretreatment with theophylline (10−3 m) potentiated the relaxant action of atropine. Relaxation to atropine was not affected by the specific guanosine 3′:5′‐cyclic monophosphate phosphodiesterase inhibitor, M & B 22,948 (10‐4 m), tetraethylammonium (10 mm), indomethacin (10−5 m), propranolol (10−7 m), nifedipine (10−6 m) or removal of the endothelium. Relaxation to either atropine or prazosin was not affected by preincubation with prazosin and atropine, respectively. In Ca2+‐free medium containing EGTA and nifedipine, atropine (10−7 m‐10−4 m) inhibited the residual noradrenaline response more than the subsequent Ca2+‐induced contraction. Pretreatment with either theophylline (10−3 m), forskolin (3 × 10−7 m) or a low concentration of prazosin (3 × 10−9 m) also inhibited the residual contraction to noradrenaline and Ca2+. The effect of combined treatment of atropine and any of these agents was much greater than with each individual agent. Atropine (10−6 m‐10−4 m) also inhibited increases in the level of inositol monophosphates (IP) in response to noradrenaline. Theophylline (10−3 m) and a low concentration of prazosin (3 × 10−9 m) also inhibited IP formation. Combined with atropine, the effect was much greater than with each of these agents individually. 6 Atropine did not affect adenosine 3′:5′‐cyclic monophosphate (cyclic AMP) levels in the aorta and also failed to displace specific [3H]‐prazosin binding. 7 These results suggest the possibility that smooth muscle relaxation to atropine may be due to the inhibition of phosphoinositide metabolism. The relaxation is not apparently due to an action of atropine on α1‐adrenoceptors, or a change in the level of cyclic AMP. 1992 British Pharmacological Society

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)553-558
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Volume107
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1992

Keywords

  • Atropine
  • adrenoceptors
  • anti‐cholinoceptor agents
  • endothelium
  • inositol phosphate (IP)
  • noradrenaline
  • vascular smooth muscle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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