Policy statement - Alcohol use by youth and adolescents: A pediatric concern

Janet F. Williams, Marylou Behnke, Patricia K. Kokotailo, Sharon Levy, Tammy H. Sims, Martha J. Wunsch, Deborah Simkin, Karen Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

86 Scopus citations

Abstract

Alcohol use continues to be a major problem from preadolescence through young adulthood in the United States. Results of recent neuroscience research have substantiated the deleterious effects of alcohol on adolescent brain development and added even more evidence to support the call to prevent and reduce underaged drinking. Pediatricians should be knowledgeable about substance abuse to be able to recognize risk factors for alcohol and other substance abuse among youth, screen for use, provide appropriate brief interventions, and refer to treatment. The integration of alcohol use prevention programs in the community and our educational system from elementary school through college should be promoted by pediatricians and the health care community. Promotion of media responsibility to connect alcohol consumption with realistic consequences should be supported by pediatricians. Additional research into the prevention, screening and identification, brief intervention, and management and treatment of alcohol and other substance use by adolescents continues to be needed to improve evidence-based practices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1078-1087
Number of pages10
JournalPediatrics
Volume125
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2010

Keywords

  • Adolescent brain development
  • Advocacy
  • Alcohol
  • Substance abuse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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