Platelet activating factor receptors drive CXC chemokine production, neutrophil influx and edema formation in the lungs of mice injected with Tityus serrulatus venom

Fernanda Matos Coelho, Andréa C. Pessini, Amanda M. Coelho, Vanessa S. Pinho, Danielle G. Souza, Eliane C. Arantes, Mauro M. Teixeira, Antônio L. Teixeira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lung injury is a common finding and a frequent cause of death in cases of severe human envenoming by scorpion sting. The present work investigated the effects of pretreatment with a platelet activation factor receptor (PAFR) antagonist and a CXCR2 inhibitor on the lung injury induced by subcutaneous injection of Tityus serrulatus venom (TsV) in mice. Lung injury was assessed by evaluating the extravasation of Evans blue dye, as an index of increased vascular permeability, the neutrophil accumulation (mieloperoxidase activity), the concentration of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and the chemokine KC in the lung after TsV administration. Neutrophil influx was preceded by the production of KC and dependent on CXCR2, as shown by the ability of repertaxin, a CXCR2 inhibitor, to prevent an increase of MPO activity in the lung. Repertaxin had no effect on TsV-induced lethality. The PAFR antagonist (UK-74,505) significantly reduced TsV-induced vascular permeability changes and neutrophil influx in the lungs. The inhibition of neutrophil influx was associated with inhibition of the production of the CXCR2-active chemokine KC. UK-74,505 had no effect on the lethality induced by TsV. In conclusion, these results show that the influx of neutrophils in the lungs of mice injected with TsV is dependent on the activation of PAFR and on PAFR-dependent production of the chemokine KC as well as activation of CXCR2 on neutrophils. Although lung injury may contribute to late lethality after TsV envenoming, acute lethality is not modified by inhibitors of neutrophil influx.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)420-427
Number of pages8
JournalToxicon
Volume50
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CXCR2 inhibitor
  • Lung edema
  • PAF receptor antagonist
  • Tityus serrulatus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology

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