Plasma protein and apolipoprotein synthesis by human yolk sac carcinoma cells in vitro

R. E. Lanford, D. L. Bronson, L. E. Estlack, F. H. Wians

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    13 Scopus citations


    Three human yolk sac carcinoma cell lines were characterized for the expression of several markers. Each of the cell lines expressed alpha-fetoprotein, without detectable levels of chorionic gonadotropin, and the level of alpha-fetoprotein expression increased dramatically when the cultures were held without passage for extended periods. The secretion of a number of plasma proteins was documented by metabolic labeling, immunoprecipitation, and gel analysis. The major plasma proteins detected were alpha-1-antitrypsin, alpha-fetoprotein, transthyretin, β-2 microglobulin, and plasminogen, with lower levels of transferrin and complement C4 released. Apolipoproteins B, E, and A1 were secreted in high levels as well and were found in the form of lipoprotein particles. Time course experiments on the synthesis of apolipoproteins E and A1 indicated that, as with alpha-fetoprotein, the level of synthesis increased substantially when the cultures were held without passage. The results indicate that these yolk sac carcinoma cells display a protein expression profile similar to that observed for the human yolk sac, and the possibility that the cells may have the potential to differentiate is discussed.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)205-210
    Number of pages6
    JournalIn Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology - Animal
    Volume27 I
    Issue number3
    StatePublished - 1991

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Developmental Biology
    • Clinical Biochemistry
    • Cell Biology

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