Plasma Biomarkers as Risk Factors for Incident CKD

Chronic Kidney Disease Biomarkers Consortium

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Introduction: Earlier identification of individuals at high risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) may facilitate improved risk factor mitigation. Methods: We evaluated the association of novel plasma biomarkers with incident CKD using a case-cohort design in participants without diabetes and with baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥ 60 ml/min per 1.73 m2 in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) and Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) cohorts. Incident CKD was defined as development of eGFR < 60 ml/min per 1.73 m2 and ≥40% decline in eGFR from baseline. We measured plasma markers of inflammation/fibrosis—soluble tumor necrosis factor receptors (TNFRs) 1 and 2 (TNFR-1 and TNFR-2), monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), chitinase 3-like protein 1 (YKL-40), and soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR)—and tubular injury (kidney injury molecule 1 [KIM-1]). Cox regression models weighted for the case-cohort design were used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) of incident CKD after adjustment for CKD risk factors, eGFR, and albuminuria. Results: In MESA (median follow-up of 9.2 years), there were 497 individuals in the random subcohort and 163 incident CKD cases. In REGARDS (median follow-up of 9.4 years), there were 497 individuals in the random subcohort and 497 incident CKD cases. Each 2-fold higher plasma KIM-1 (adjusted HR 1.38 [95% CI 1.05–1.81]), suPAR (1.96 [1.10–3.49]), TNFR-1 (1.65 [1.04–2.62]), TNFR-2 (2.02 [1.21–3.38]), and YKL-40 (1.38 [1.09–1.75]) concentrations were associated with incident CKD in MESA. In REGARDS, TNFR-1 (1.99 [1.43–2.76]) and TNFR-2 (1.76 [1.22–2.54]) were associated with incident CKD. Conclusion: Plasma concentrations of soluble TNFR-1 and TNFR-2 are consistently associated with incident CKD in nondiabetic community-living individuals in MESA and REGARDS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1493-1501
Number of pages9
JournalKidney International Reports
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • chronic kidney disease
  • plasma biomarkers
  • risk factors for chronic kidney disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology


Dive into the research topics of 'Plasma Biomarkers as Risk Factors for Incident CKD'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this