Fourteen subjects between 7 and 17 years of age with an equal distribution of low and high caries activity were given: (1) a 10% sucrose rinse, (2) a reference candy, (3) a reference candy with 3% dicalcium phosphate dihydrate, and (4) a reference candy with 0.75% calcium lactate on four different occasions. Plaque samples were collected before and at 15-min intervals after the sucrose rinse or food challenge for a period of 1 h on each occasion. Plaque samples were centrifuged and the extracellular plaque fluid analysed by a microtechnique for pH, total calcium and inorganic phosphorus concentration. There was no significant increase in calcium and phosphorus in plaque fluid for the group using candy with added calcium compared to the reference candy or sucrose rinse. There was no significant difference between the measurements in subjects grouped as caries active or inactive. The results suggest no benefit can be expected from adding dicalcium phosphate dihydrate and calcium lactate to candy to decrease demineralization during a cariogenic challenge.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology