Pioglitazone improves left ventricular diastolic function in subjects with diabetes

Geoffrey D. Clarke, Carolina Solis-Herrera, Marjorie Molina-Wilkins, Sandra Martinez, Aurora Merovci, Eugenio Cersosimo, Robert J. Chilton, Patricia Iozzo, Amalia Gastaldelli, Muhammad Abdul-Ghani, Ralph A. DeFronzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To examine the effect of pioglitazone on myocardial insulin sensitivity and left ventricular (LV) function in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Twelve subjectswith T2Dand 12with normal glucose tolerance received a euglycemic insulin clamp. Myocardial glucose uptake (MGU) and myocardial perfusion were measured with [18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose and [15O]H2O positron emission tomography before and after 24 weeks of pioglitazone treatment.Myocardial function and transmitral early diastolic relation/atrial contraction (E/A) flow ratio were measured with magnetic resonance imaging. RESULTS Pioglitazone reduced HbA1c by 0.9%; decreased systolic and diastolic blood pressure by 762 and 762mmHg, respectively (P < 0.05); and increased whole-body insulinstimulated glucose uptake by 71% (3.4 ± 1.3 to 5.8 ± 2.1 mg/kg · min; P < 0.01) in subjects with T2D. Pioglitazone enhanced MGU by 75% (0.24 ± 0.14 to 0.42 ± 0.13 μmol/min · g; P < 0.01) and myocardial perfusion by 16% (0.95 ± 0.16 to 1.10 ± 0.25 mL/min · g; P < 0.05). Measures of diastolic function, E/A ratio (1.04 ± 0.3 to 1.25 ± 0.4) and peak LV filling rate (349 ± 107 to 433 ± 99 mL/min), both increased (P < 0.01). End-systolic volume, end-diastolic volume, peak LV ejection rate, and cardiac output trended to increase (P not significant), whereas the ejection fraction (61 ± 6 to 66 ± 7%) and stroke volume increased significantly (71 ± 20 to 80 ± 20 L/min; both P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS Pioglitazone improves whole-body and myocardial insulin sensitivity, LV diastolic function, and systolic function in T2D. Improved myocardial insulin sensitivity and diastolic function are strongly correlated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1530-1536
Number of pages7
JournalDiabetes care
Volume40
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

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