Pineal and retinal lysosomal enzyme rhythms

M. K. Vaughan, J. P. Chambers, A. T.C. Tsin, G. M. Vaughan, R. J. Reiter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Pineal glands and the neurosensory portion of the retinae of adult male rats adapted to a 24-h cycle with lights on from 06.00 to 20.00 h were collected at 9 timepoints during the cycle. Significant rhythms in both pineal and retinal hexosaminidase, β-glucuronidae, acid phosphatase and β-glucosidase were observed. For each enzyme, pineals had greater overall activity per unit amount of protein than did retinae. All 4 significantly rhythmic pineal enzymes peaked within 30 min of each other (18.30-19.00 h) whereas the retinal enzymes peaked some 6h earlier, between 11.30 and 13.45 h. To our knowledge, this is the first report demonstrating 24-h rhythms in lysosomal enzymes in the pineal gland and retina. Since the acrophases (peak time) of these enzymes within each tissue are tightly synchronized yet different between tissues, lysosomes may play unique roles in the physiology of different structures in the photoneuroendocrine system with respect to time in the light-dark cycle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)321-326
Number of pages6
JournalBrain Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 11 1987


  • Acid phosphatase
  • Hexosaminidase
  • Lysozyme
  • Pineal
  • Retina
  • Rhythm
  • α-Mannosidase
  • β-Galactosidase
  • β-Glucosidase
  • β-Glycuronidase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology


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