Pif1 helicase and Polδ promote recombination-coupled DNA synthesis via bubble migration

Marenda A. Wilson, Youngho Kwon, Yuanyuan Xu, Woo Hyun Chung, Peter Chi, Hengyao Niu, Ryan Mayle, Xuefeng Chen, Anna Malkova, Patrick Sung, Grzegorz Ira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

181 Scopus citations

Abstract

During DNA repair by homologous recombination (HR), DNA synthesis copies information from a template DNA molecule. Multiple DNA polymerases have been implicated in repair-specific DNA synthesis, but it has remained unclear whether a DNA helicase is involved in this reaction. A good candidate DNA helicase is Pif1, an evolutionarily conserved helicase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae important for break-induced replication (BIR) as well as HR-dependent telomere maintenance in the absence of telomerase found in 10-15% of all cancers. Pif1 has a role in DNA synthesis across hard-to-replicate sites and in lagging-strand synthesis with polymerase δ (Polδ). Here we provide evidence that Pif1 stimulates DNA synthesis during BIR and crossover recombination. The initial steps of BIR occur normally in Pif1-deficient cells, but Polδ recruitment and DNA synthesis are decreased, resulting in premature resolution of DNA intermediates into half-crossovers. Purified Pif1 protein strongly stimulates Polδ-mediated DNA synthesis from a D-loop made by the Rad51 recombinase. Notably, Pif1 liberates the newly synthesized strand to prevent the accumulation of topological constraint and to facilitate extensive DNA synthesis via the establishment of a migrating D-loop structure. Our results uncover a novel function of Pif1 and provide insights into the mechanism of HR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)393-396
Number of pages4
JournalNature
Volume502
Issue number7471
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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