Phytochemicals in Morinda citrifolia fruit selectively modulate age-associated immunity and antioxidant enzyme activities through ERK pathway in splenic lymphocytes of male F344 rats

Uday P. Pratap, Krithika Anand, Fariya Yasmine, Lalgi Hima, Hannah P. Priyanka, Srinivasan Thyagarajan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Context/objective: The mechanisms of immunomodulatory effects of Morinda citrifolia (Noni) were examined through intracellular signaling pathways in the splenocytes and their modulation by phytochemicals using bioinformatics tools. Materials and methods: Noni fruit juices without seeds (NSL) and with seeds (NWS) were co-incubated in vitro with splenocytes from young, middle-aged and old F344 male rats and proliferation of lymphocytes, cytokine production, antioxidant enzyme activities and intracellular signaling markers were measured. Results: NSL decreased lymphoproliferation in early middle-aged rats, and IL-2 and IFN-γ production in old rats. In contrast, NWS enhanced lymphoproliferation in young and old rats, IL-2 and IFN-γ production in middle-aged and old rats. The activities of antioxidant enzymes were augmented by NWS and NSL in old rats. NWS reversed age-related increase in lipid peroxidation in all age-groups, while NSL increased lipid peroxidation in old rats. NSL increased p-ERK in old rats and decreased p-CREB in young and middle-aged rats. In contrast, NWS decreased p-ERK in all age groups and increased p-CREB in old rats. Both NSL and NWS increased p-Akt expression in middle-aged and old rats. Both NSL and NWS suppressed p-NF-κB expression in middle-aged and old rats. Docking studies demonstrated that Noni phytochemicals, damnacanthal, myricetin and ursolic acid, are potent inhibitors of ERK with binding sites in the catalytic and phosphorylation sites of the molecule. Conclusions: These results suggest that Noni fruit juices with or without seeds modulate cell-mediated immunity and antioxidant enzyme activities based on the phytochemicals that may differentially influence cell signaling and therefore, age-associated immunity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)139-151
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Receptors and Signal Transduction
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 3 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Catalase
  • cytokine
  • glutathione peroxidase
  • glutathione-S-transferase
  • lipid peroxidation
  • noni
  • superoxide dismutase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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