Physical therapy and exercise

Impacts on pain, mood, cognition, and function

Maureen J. Simmonds, Catherine Ortega, Kent P. Simmonds

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Abstract

    Pain is multidimensional, common, complex, costly, and challenging. It has a pervasive effect on the individual with frequent co-occurrence of mood disorders, cognitive problems, movement dysfunction, activity limitation, fatigue, and clusters of comorbid health problems. The extent to which these problems are separate entities, different expressions of a central pain problem, or a consequence of pain or of physical inactivity is unclear. Regardless, the allostatic load associated with pain is cumulative and substantive. Physical activity appears to be a positive mirror image of pain. Strong evidence supports the positive and generalized role of physical activity/exercise to improve pain, mind (emotions and cognitions) movement, and social function. However, there appears to be no evidence supportive of any specific type of exercise or activity regimens. Unfortunately and regardless of proven health benefits, many individuals have difficulty initiating and/or maintaining exercise programs or even assuming a more active lifestyle. People with pain, depression, and psychomotor slowing have even greater challenges to overcome. Effective physical therapies for patients with pain require the therapist to understand the complexity of the problem of pain and its pervasive impact, in order to help individuals with pain, mood, movement and cognitive disorders address and overcome perceived barriers to and challenges of exercise. This must be done in the context of social and environmental determinants of health and health behavior change.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationPain, Emotion and Cognition: A Complex Nexus
    PublisherSpringer International Publishing
    Pages167-186
    Number of pages20
    ISBN (Print)9783319120331, 9783319120324
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

    Fingerprint

    Physical therapy
    Cognition
    Health
    Exercise
    Pain
    Medical problems
    Mirrors
    Therapeutics
    Fatigue of materials
    Allostasis
    Social Determinants of Health
    Environmental Health
    Health Behavior
    Movement Disorders
    Insurance Benefits
    Mood Disorders
    Fatigue
    Life Style
    Emotions
    Depression

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Medicine(all)
    • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

    Cite this

    Simmonds, M. J., Ortega, C., & Simmonds, K. P. (2015). Physical therapy and exercise: Impacts on pain, mood, cognition, and function. In Pain, Emotion and Cognition: A Complex Nexus (pp. 167-186). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-12033-1_11

    Physical therapy and exercise : Impacts on pain, mood, cognition, and function. / Simmonds, Maureen J.; Ortega, Catherine; Simmonds, Kent P.

    Pain, Emotion and Cognition: A Complex Nexus. Springer International Publishing, 2015. p. 167-186.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Simmonds, MJ, Ortega, C & Simmonds, KP 2015, Physical therapy and exercise: Impacts on pain, mood, cognition, and function. in Pain, Emotion and Cognition: A Complex Nexus. Springer International Publishing, pp. 167-186. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-12033-1_11
    Simmonds MJ, Ortega C, Simmonds KP. Physical therapy and exercise: Impacts on pain, mood, cognition, and function. In Pain, Emotion and Cognition: A Complex Nexus. Springer International Publishing. 2015. p. 167-186 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-12033-1_11
    Simmonds, Maureen J. ; Ortega, Catherine ; Simmonds, Kent P. / Physical therapy and exercise : Impacts on pain, mood, cognition, and function. Pain, Emotion and Cognition: A Complex Nexus. Springer International Publishing, 2015. pp. 167-186
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