Aims: The purpose of this study was to examine individual associations of each physical performance measure with domains of cognitive functioning and to determine best physical performance measures strongly associated with each domain of cognitive functioning among middle-aged and older adults with diabetes. Background: Tests of physical performance are strongly correlated with cognitive decline in general elderly population. However, far less is known about individual associations of each individual physical performance measure with domains of cognitive functioning among individuals with diabetes. Design: The study employed a retrospective, cross-sectional design. Methods: Baseline data from a national baseline survey collected from May 2011–March 2012 were used. A total of 17,314 individuals aged ≥45 years completed the baseline survey. Diabetes was confirmed for 1,905 participants and these individuals were included in this study. Results: When grip strength, walking speed, repeated chair stands and standing balance test were added in the regression models, walking speed was the only variable that was significantly associated with figure drawing and grip strength was the only variable that was significantly associated with episodic memory, orientation/attention and overall cognitive score. Conclusion: Since grip strength was the most important factor associated with several domains of cognitive functioning, strategies that improve grip strength in patients with diabetes are prudent. Early interventions to increase levels of physical activity may be important to improve both grip strength and cognitive functioning in this growing population with diabetes.
|Translated title of the contribution||Physical performance and cognitive functioning among individuals with diabetes: Findings from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study Baseline Survey|
|Original language||Chinese (Traditional)|
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Journal of Advanced Nursing|
|State||Published - May 2019|
- physical performance
ASJC Scopus subject areas