Phenotypic effects of biglycan deficiency are linked to collagen fibril abnormalities, are synergized by decorin deficiency, and mimic Ehlers-Danlos-like changes in bone and other connective tissues

A. Corsi, T. Xu, Xiao-dong Chen, A. Boyde, J. Liang, M. Mankani, B. Sommer, R. V. Iozzo, I. Eichstetter, P. Gehron Robey, P. Bianco, Marian F. Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

276 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Decorin (dcn) and biglycan (bgn), two members of the family of small leucine-rich proteoglycans (SLRPs), are the predominant proteoglycans expressed in skin and bone, respectively. Targeted disruption of the dcn gene results in skin laxity and fragility, whereas disruption of the bgn gene results in reduced skeletal growth and bone mass leading to generalized osteopenia, particularly in older animals. Here, we report that bgn deficiency leads to structural abnormality in collagen fibrils in bone, dermis, and tendon, and to a "subclinical" cutaneous phenotype with thinning of the dermis but without overt skin fragility. A comparative ultrastructural study of different tissues from bgn- and dcn-deficient mice revealed that bgn and dcn deficiency have similar effects on collagen fibril structure in the dermis but not in bone. Ultrastructural and phenotypic analysis of newly generated bgn/dcn double-knockout (KO) mice revealed that the effects of dcn and bgn deficiency are additive in the dermis and synergistic in bone. Severe skin fragility and marked osteopenia characterize the phenotype of double-KO animals in which progeroid changes are observed also in the skin. Ultrastructural analysis of bone collagen fibrils in bone of double-KO mice reveals a complete loss of the basic fibril geometry with the emergence of marked "serrated fibril" morphology. The phenotype of the double-KO animal mimics directly the rare progeroid variant of human Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS), in which skin fragility, progeroid changes in the skin (reduced hypodermis), and osteopenia concur as a result of impaired glycosaminoglycan (GAG) linking to bgn and dcn core proteins. Our data show that changes in collagen fibril morphology reminiscent of those occurring in the varied spectrum of human EDS are induced by both bgn deficiency and dcn deficiency in mice. The effects of an individual SLRP deficiency are tissue specific, and the expression of a gross phenotype depends on multiple variables including level of expression of individual SLRPs in different tissues and synergisms between different SLRPs (and likely other macromolecules) in determining matrix structure and functional properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1180-1189
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Bone and Mineral Research
Volume17
Issue number7
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Biglycan
Decorin
Connective Tissue
Collagen
Bone and Bones
Skin
Dermis
Metabolic Bone Diseases
Phenotype
Knockout Mice
Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome
Bone Development
Subcutaneous Tissue
Proteoglycans
Glycosaminoglycans
Tendons
Genes

Keywords

  • Biglycan
  • Collagen fibrils
  • Decorin
  • Double-knockout
  • Ehlers-Danlos

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Phenotypic effects of biglycan deficiency are linked to collagen fibril abnormalities, are synergized by decorin deficiency, and mimic Ehlers-Danlos-like changes in bone and other connective tissues. / Corsi, A.; Xu, T.; Chen, Xiao-dong; Boyde, A.; Liang, J.; Mankani, M.; Sommer, B.; Iozzo, R. V.; Eichstetter, I.; Robey, P. Gehron; Bianco, P.; Young, Marian F.

In: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, Vol. 17, No. 7, 2002, p. 1180-1189.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Corsi, A, Xu, T, Chen, X, Boyde, A, Liang, J, Mankani, M, Sommer, B, Iozzo, RV, Eichstetter, I, Robey, PG, Bianco, P & Young, MF 2002, 'Phenotypic effects of biglycan deficiency are linked to collagen fibril abnormalities, are synergized by decorin deficiency, and mimic Ehlers-Danlos-like changes in bone and other connective tissues', Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, vol. 17, no. 7, pp. 1180-1189.
Corsi, A. ; Xu, T. ; Chen, Xiao-dong ; Boyde, A. ; Liang, J. ; Mankani, M. ; Sommer, B. ; Iozzo, R. V. ; Eichstetter, I. ; Robey, P. Gehron ; Bianco, P. ; Young, Marian F. / Phenotypic effects of biglycan deficiency are linked to collagen fibril abnormalities, are synergized by decorin deficiency, and mimic Ehlers-Danlos-like changes in bone and other connective tissues. In: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. 2002 ; Vol. 17, No. 7. pp. 1180-1189.
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abstract = "Decorin (dcn) and biglycan (bgn), two members of the family of small leucine-rich proteoglycans (SLRPs), are the predominant proteoglycans expressed in skin and bone, respectively. Targeted disruption of the dcn gene results in skin laxity and fragility, whereas disruption of the bgn gene results in reduced skeletal growth and bone mass leading to generalized osteopenia, particularly in older animals. Here, we report that bgn deficiency leads to structural abnormality in collagen fibrils in bone, dermis, and tendon, and to a {"}subclinical{"} cutaneous phenotype with thinning of the dermis but without overt skin fragility. A comparative ultrastructural study of different tissues from bgn- and dcn-deficient mice revealed that bgn and dcn deficiency have similar effects on collagen fibril structure in the dermis but not in bone. Ultrastructural and phenotypic analysis of newly generated bgn/dcn double-knockout (KO) mice revealed that the effects of dcn and bgn deficiency are additive in the dermis and synergistic in bone. Severe skin fragility and marked osteopenia characterize the phenotype of double-KO animals in which progeroid changes are observed also in the skin. Ultrastructural analysis of bone collagen fibrils in bone of double-KO mice reveals a complete loss of the basic fibril geometry with the emergence of marked {"}serrated fibril{"} morphology. The phenotype of the double-KO animal mimics directly the rare progeroid variant of human Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS), in which skin fragility, progeroid changes in the skin (reduced hypodermis), and osteopenia concur as a result of impaired glycosaminoglycan (GAG) linking to bgn and dcn core proteins. Our data show that changes in collagen fibril morphology reminiscent of those occurring in the varied spectrum of human EDS are induced by both bgn deficiency and dcn deficiency in mice. The effects of an individual SLRP deficiency are tissue specific, and the expression of a gross phenotype depends on multiple variables including level of expression of individual SLRPs in different tissues and synergisms between different SLRPs (and likely other macromolecules) in determining matrix structure and functional properties.",
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T1 - Phenotypic effects of biglycan deficiency are linked to collagen fibril abnormalities, are synergized by decorin deficiency, and mimic Ehlers-Danlos-like changes in bone and other connective tissues

AU - Corsi, A.

AU - Xu, T.

AU - Chen, Xiao-dong

AU - Boyde, A.

AU - Liang, J.

AU - Mankani, M.

AU - Sommer, B.

AU - Iozzo, R. V.

AU - Eichstetter, I.

AU - Robey, P. Gehron

AU - Bianco, P.

AU - Young, Marian F.

PY - 2002

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N2 - Decorin (dcn) and biglycan (bgn), two members of the family of small leucine-rich proteoglycans (SLRPs), are the predominant proteoglycans expressed in skin and bone, respectively. Targeted disruption of the dcn gene results in skin laxity and fragility, whereas disruption of the bgn gene results in reduced skeletal growth and bone mass leading to generalized osteopenia, particularly in older animals. Here, we report that bgn deficiency leads to structural abnormality in collagen fibrils in bone, dermis, and tendon, and to a "subclinical" cutaneous phenotype with thinning of the dermis but without overt skin fragility. A comparative ultrastructural study of different tissues from bgn- and dcn-deficient mice revealed that bgn and dcn deficiency have similar effects on collagen fibril structure in the dermis but not in bone. Ultrastructural and phenotypic analysis of newly generated bgn/dcn double-knockout (KO) mice revealed that the effects of dcn and bgn deficiency are additive in the dermis and synergistic in bone. Severe skin fragility and marked osteopenia characterize the phenotype of double-KO animals in which progeroid changes are observed also in the skin. Ultrastructural analysis of bone collagen fibrils in bone of double-KO mice reveals a complete loss of the basic fibril geometry with the emergence of marked "serrated fibril" morphology. The phenotype of the double-KO animal mimics directly the rare progeroid variant of human Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS), in which skin fragility, progeroid changes in the skin (reduced hypodermis), and osteopenia concur as a result of impaired glycosaminoglycan (GAG) linking to bgn and dcn core proteins. Our data show that changes in collagen fibril morphology reminiscent of those occurring in the varied spectrum of human EDS are induced by both bgn deficiency and dcn deficiency in mice. The effects of an individual SLRP deficiency are tissue specific, and the expression of a gross phenotype depends on multiple variables including level of expression of individual SLRPs in different tissues and synergisms between different SLRPs (and likely other macromolecules) in determining matrix structure and functional properties.

AB - Decorin (dcn) and biglycan (bgn), two members of the family of small leucine-rich proteoglycans (SLRPs), are the predominant proteoglycans expressed in skin and bone, respectively. Targeted disruption of the dcn gene results in skin laxity and fragility, whereas disruption of the bgn gene results in reduced skeletal growth and bone mass leading to generalized osteopenia, particularly in older animals. Here, we report that bgn deficiency leads to structural abnormality in collagen fibrils in bone, dermis, and tendon, and to a "subclinical" cutaneous phenotype with thinning of the dermis but without overt skin fragility. A comparative ultrastructural study of different tissues from bgn- and dcn-deficient mice revealed that bgn and dcn deficiency have similar effects on collagen fibril structure in the dermis but not in bone. Ultrastructural and phenotypic analysis of newly generated bgn/dcn double-knockout (KO) mice revealed that the effects of dcn and bgn deficiency are additive in the dermis and synergistic in bone. Severe skin fragility and marked osteopenia characterize the phenotype of double-KO animals in which progeroid changes are observed also in the skin. Ultrastructural analysis of bone collagen fibrils in bone of double-KO mice reveals a complete loss of the basic fibril geometry with the emergence of marked "serrated fibril" morphology. The phenotype of the double-KO animal mimics directly the rare progeroid variant of human Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS), in which skin fragility, progeroid changes in the skin (reduced hypodermis), and osteopenia concur as a result of impaired glycosaminoglycan (GAG) linking to bgn and dcn core proteins. Our data show that changes in collagen fibril morphology reminiscent of those occurring in the varied spectrum of human EDS are induced by both bgn deficiency and dcn deficiency in mice. The effects of an individual SLRP deficiency are tissue specific, and the expression of a gross phenotype depends on multiple variables including level of expression of individual SLRPs in different tissues and synergisms between different SLRPs (and likely other macromolecules) in determining matrix structure and functional properties.

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