Purpose: This phase I trial was conducted to determine the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of deforolimus (previously known as AP23573; MK-8669), a nonprodrug rapamycin analog, in patients with advanced solid malignancies. Patients and Methods: Patients were treated using an accelerated titration design with sequential escalating flat doses of deforolimus administered as a 30-minute intravenous infusion once daily for 5 consecutive days every 2 weeks (QDx5) in a 28-day cycle. Safety, pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamic, and tumor response assessments were performed. Results: Thirty-two patients received at least one dose of deforolimus (3 to 28 mg/d). Three dose-limiting toxicity events of grade 3 mouth sores were reported. The maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) was 18.75 mg/d. Common treatment-related adverse events included reversible mouth sores and rash. Whole-blood clearance increased with dose. Pharmacodynamic analyses demonstrated mammalian target of rapamycin inhibition at all dose levels. Four patients (one each with non-small-cell lung cancer, mixed müllerian tumor [carcinosarcoma], renal cell carcinoma, and Ewing sarcoma) experienced confirmed partial responses, and three additional patients had minor tumor regressions. Conclusion: The MTD of this phase I trial using an accelerated titration design was determined to be 18.75 mg/d. Deforolimus was well tolerated and showed encouraging antitumor activity across a broad range of malignancies when administered intravenously on the QDx5 schedule. On the basis of these overall results, a dose of 12.5 mg/d is being evaluated in phase II trials.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research