Purpose: To determine the dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) and maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of the investigational NEDD8- activating enzyme (NAE) inhibitor pevonedistat (TAK-924/ MLN4924) and to investigate pevonedistat pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics in patients with advanced nonhematologic malignancies. Experimental Design: Pevonedistat was administered via 60- minute intravenous infusion on days 1 to 5 (schedule A, n = 12), or days 1, 3, and 5 (schedules B, n = 17, and C, n = 19) of 21-day cycles. Schedule B included oral dexamethasone 8 mg before each pevonedistat dose. Dose escalation proceeded using a Bayesian continual reassessment method. Tumor response was assessed by RECIST 1.0. Results: Schedule A MTD was 50 mg/m2; based on the severity of observed hepatotoxicity, this schedule was discontinued. Schedules B and C MTDs were 50 and 67 mg/m2, respectively. DLTs on both these schedules included hyperbilirubinemia and elevated aspartate aminotransferase. There were no grade 3 treatmentrelated serious adverse events reported on schedules B or C. Twenty-three (74%) evaluable patients on schedules B and C had stable disease. Intermittent dexamethasone use did not significantly influence pevonedistat pharmacokinetics. NAE inhibition by pevonedistat was demonstrated in multiple tumor types via IHC detection of pevonedistat-NEDD8 adduct and accumulation of Cullin-RING ligase substrates CDT1 and NRF2 in tumor biopsies. Conclusions: Pevonedistat was generally well tolerated on a day 1, 3, 5 schedule every 3 weeks with anMTDbetween 50 mg/m2 and 67 mg/m2. DLTs were predominantly hepatic enzyme elevations. Pharmacodynamic studies demonstrated that pevonedistat inhibited NAE in tumors. Clinical trials are ongoing.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research