Phase I study of imalumab (BAX69), a fully human recombinant antioxidized macrophage migration inhibitory factor antibody in advanced solid tumours

Devalingam Mahalingam, Manish R. Patel, Jasgit C. Sachdev, Lowell L. Hart, Niels Halama, Ramesh K. Ramanathan, John Sarantopoulos, Dirk Völkel, Ashraf Youssef, Floris A. de Jong, Apostolia Maria Tsimberidou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aim: Preclinical evidence suggests that oxidized macrophage migration inhibitory factor (oxMIF) may be involved in carcinogenesis. This phase 1 study (NCT01765790) assessed the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics and antitumour activity of imalumab, an oxMIF inhibitor, in patients with advanced cancer using ‘3 + 3’ dose escalation. Methods: In Schedule 1, patients with solid tumours received doses from 1 to 50 mg/kg IV every 2 weeks. In Schedule 2, patients with metastatic colorectal adenocarcinoma, non-small-cell lung, or ovarian cancer received weekly doses of 10 or 25 mg/kg IV (1 cycle = 28 days). Treatment continued until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, dose-limiting toxicity, or withdrawal of consent. Results: Fifty of 68 enrolled patients received imalumab. The most common treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs) included fatigue (10%) and vomiting (6%); four grade 3 serious TRAEs (two patients) occurred. The dose-limiting toxicity was allergic alveolitis (one patient, 50 mg/kg every 2 weeks). The maximum tolerated and biologically active doses were 37.5 mg/kg every 2 weeks and 10 mg/kg weekly, respectively. Of 39 assessed patients, 13 had stable disease (≥4 months in 8 patients). Conclusions: Imalumab had a maximum tolerated dose of 37.5 mg/kg every 2 weeks in patients with advanced solid tumours, with a biologically active dose of 10 mg/kg weekly. Further investigation will help define the role of oxMIF as a cancer treatment target.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1836-1848
Number of pages13
JournalBritish Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Volume86
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2020

Keywords

  • clinical trials
  • pharmacokinetics
  • phase I

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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