Crisnatol is an arylmethylaminopropanediol derivative that has shown promise as an antitumor agent in preclinical testing. In a phase I trial using a monthly six-hour infusion schedule the recommended dose for future phase II trials was found to be 388 mg/m2. Neurologic toxicity was dose-limiting in that trial and correlated with the attainment of a threshold plasma concentration of >4.5 μg/ml. In this study we treated 15 patients with escalating doses of crisnatol from 450 mg/m2 to 900 mg/m2 administered at a rate of 50 mg/m2/hr over 9, 12, 15, and 18 hours. Toxicity was mild to moderate at all dose levels. However, serious central nervous system effects were noted in one patient at 900 mg/m2 over 18 hours whose plasma level was 6.5 μg/ml. This study has demonstrated higher total doses of crisnatol can be given if the drug is administered as a prolonged infusion in an attempt to avoid high plasma levels of the agent.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research