Purpose: To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), dose-limiting toxicity (DLT), and pharmacokinetics of tasidotin (ILX651), a dolastatin-15 analogue, when administered on days 1, 3, and 5 every 3 weeks in patients with advanced solid tumors. Patients and Methods: Thirty-two patients were treated with 92 courses of tasidotin through seven dose levels determined by a modified Fibonacci scheme ranging from 3.9 to 45.7 mg/m2. Pharmacokinetic samples were collected during the first course. Results: Neutropenia was the principal DLT at the 45.7 mg/m2/d dose level. In addition, one patient also experienced grade 3 neutropenia complicated with grade 3 esophageal candidiasis and grade 3 dehydration. Only 1 of 11 patients treated at the MTD, 34.4 mg/m2, experienced dose-limiting neutropenia. Other common, drug-related toxicities included mild to moderate fatigue, anemia, nausea, anorexia, emesis, alopecia, and diarrhea. The best observed antitumor response consisted of stable disease and was noted in 10 patients (31%); the median duration on study for those patients with stable disease was 99.5 days compared with 37.5 days for those patients with progressive disease. Tasidotin plasma concentrations declined biphasically with an effective half-life of ≤55 minutes, and -11% was excreted unchanged in the urine. Conclusion: The recommended dose for phase II studies and the MTD when tasidotin is administered on days 1, 3, and 5 every 3 weeks is 34.4 mg/m2. The favorable toxicity profile of tasidotin compared with other antitubulin agents, including other dolastatin analogues, and its novel mechanism of action support further disease-directed evaluation of this agent.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research