Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is associated with delayed recovery and dissatisfaction after surgical procedures. A key component to management is identifying risk factors and high-risk populations. Advances in pharmacologic therapeutics have resulted in agents targeting different pathways associated with the mediation of nausea and vomiting. This review focuses on these agents and the clinical aspects of their use in patients postoperatively. Combination therapies are reviewed, and studies demonstrate that when 2 or more antiemetic agents acting on different receptors are used, an overall improved efficacy is demonstrated when compared with a single agent alone in patients.
- Dopamine receptor
- Neurokinin-1 receptor
- P6 acupuncture point
- Postoperative nausea and vomiting
- Serotonin receptor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine