Pharmacological properties and discriminative stimulus effects of a novel and selective 5-HT2 receptor agonist AL-38022A [(S)-2-(8,9-dihydro-7H-pyrano[2,3-g]indazol-1-yl)-1-methylethylamine]

Jesse A. May, Najam A. Sharif, Hwang Hsing Chen, John C. Liao, Curtis R. Kelly, Richard A. Glennon, Richard Young, Jun Xu Li, Kenner C. Rice, Charles P. France

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

AL-38022A is a novel synthetic serotonergic (5-HT) ligand that exhibited high affinity for each of the 5-HT2 receptor subtypes (Ki ≤ 2.2 nM), but a significantly lower (> 100-fold less) affinity for other 5-HT receptors. In addition, AL-38022A displayed a very low affinity for a broad array of other receptors, neurotransmitter transport sites, ion channels, and second messenger elements, making it a relatively selective agent. AL-38022A potently stimulated functional responses via native and cloned rat (EC50 range: 1.9-22.5 nM) and human (EC50 range: 0.5-2.2 nM) 5-HT2 receptor subtypes including [Ca2+]i mobilization and tissue contractions with apparently similar potencies and intrinsic activities and was a full agonist at all 5-HT2 receptor subtypes. The CNS activity of AL-38022A was assessed by evaluating its discriminative stimulus effects in both a rat and a monkey drug discrimination paradigm using DOM as the training drug. AL-38022A fully generalized to the DOM stimulus in each of these studies; in monkeys MDL 100907 antagonized both DOM and AL-38022A. The pharmacological profile of AL-38022A suggests that it could be a useful tool in defining 5-HT2 receptor signaling and receptor characterization where 5-HT may function as a neurotransmitter.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)307-314
Number of pages8
JournalPharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior
Volume91
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009

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Keywords

  • 5-HT receptor
  • DOM
  • Drug discrimination
  • MDL 100907
  • Monkey
  • R-DOI
  • Rat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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