Previously we reported the synthesis and partial characterization of 21 N10-substituted phenoxazines in reversing Vinca alkaloid resistance. Here we report on a subset of these compounds; we have compared their activities in increasing Vinca alkaloid accumulation and reversing drug resistance in KB-Ch(R)8-5 and GC3/c1 (human colon carcinoma) cell lines. Results demonstrated that 1) N-substituted phenoxazines increase accumulation of vinblastine; 2) within this series, there is little correlation or ranking of activity between the two cell lines when Vinca alkaloid accumulation is compared at equal concentrations of modulator; 3) N-substituted phenoxazines demonstrate both quantitative and qualitative differences, compared with verapamil, a standard modulator; and 4) the series includes at least two compounds, 10-[3'-[N-bis(hydroxyethyl)amino]propyl]phenoxazine and 10-(N- piperidinoacetyl)phenoxazine, which increase Vinca alkaloid accumulation but do not significantly inhibit efflux. Additionally, certain of these multidrug resistance modulators significantly enhance accumulation (8-50-fold) of Vinca alkaloids in cell lines with very low or undetectable P-glycoprotein levels, where verapamil has little activity. It is concluded that at least part of the activity of some of these N-substituted phenoxazine modulators may be mediated through a P-glycoprotein-independent mechanism.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine