Pharmacokinetic Evaluation of a New Oral Cyclosporine Formulation

Julianne K. Whipple, Kelly S. Lewis, Steven D. Weitman, Robert K. Ausman, David WA Bourne, Walter Andrews, Mark B. Adams, Edward A. Sasse, Edward J. Quebbeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study Objective. To compare the pharmacokinetics of a new oral cyclosporine preparation with those of cyclosporine solution diluted in Isocal and the intravenous formulation. Design. Randomized, crossover trial. Setting. Tertiary care referral center. Patients. Seven pediatric liver transplant recipients who were receiving oral cyclosporine as part of their immunosuppressive regimen. All patients completed the study. Interventions. Pharmacokinetic studies were performed with the intravenous and oral dosage forms. Patients received one dose of intravenous cyclosporine, and then were randomized to receive their usual oral cyclosporine dose incorporated into a chocolate wafer or mixed with Isocal. After a minimum of 3 days, the alternative preparation was administered. Serial cyclosporine blood samples were collected at predetermined intervals for 12 hours after the third dose for each regimen. Concentrations were determined by high‐performance liquid chromatography. The data for the three dosage forms were fit simultaneously with a two‐compartment model. Measurements and Main Results. No difference was seen in F, ka, Cmax, and Wax between the two oral cyclosporine preparations (p>0.05). No new rejection episodes occurred during the study period. Conclusions. We conclude there is no difference in the bioavailability of the oral solution and the chocolate formulation. We believe the new preparation may increase patient compliance and ensure administration of a complete dose compared with the currently marketed solution. 1994 Pharmacotherapy Publications Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-110
Number of pages6
JournalPharmacotherapy: The Journal of Human Pharmacology and Drug Therapy
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)

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