Infant mice have been shown previously to be a useful model for the study of gastrointestinal (GI) and systemic candidosis. In this study, the virulence of four strains of Candida albicans was compared in intragastrically inoculated infants and in adult mice inoculated intravenously. The four strains differed in their ability to kill both infant and adult mice. A smaller inoculum was required to kill adult mice inoculated intravenously. Neonates could not be inoculated intravenously. The ability of the strains to spread systemically from and to persist for long periods of time in the digestive tract was also examined in intragastrically inoculated infants. The yeast cells spread to liver, lungs, kidneys, and spleen within 30 min postinoculation. Yeasts were not detectable in the lungs or in blood from the pleural cavity up to 15 min post-inoculation, thus making it unlikely that systemic spread resulted from faulty inoculation or from aspiration. The region where C. albicans crossed the GI tract of infant mice was visualized histologically in the upper third of the small intestine. The four strains varied in their ability to persist for long periods in the GI tract, in the rate at which they appeared systemically, and in ability to kill infant mice. Three of the four strains colonized the gut for up to 10 weeks postinoculation without use of any compromising agents.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases