Periodontal regeneration using an anabolic peptide with two carriers in baboons

Motofumi Yamashita, Mirella Lazarov, Archie A. Jones, Brian L. Mealey, James T. Mellonig, David L. Cochran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Various growth proteins have been used to encourage periodontal tissue regeneration. The purpose of this pilot study is to evaluate the periodontal regeneration achieved with the use of a synthetic anabolic peptide (AP) combined with either beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) or an absorbable collagen sponge (ACS) as the carrier. Methods: Periodontal defects were created bilaterally adjacent to four mandibular teeth in five baboons. Plaque was allowed to accumulate around wire ligatures placed into the defects. After 2 months, the wire ligatures were removed, and a notch was placed at the base of the defect. The four teeth were randomly treated with one of the following treatments: 1) saline + ACS serving as the control, 2) AP + ACS, 3) saline + β-TCP serving as another control, or 4) AP + β-TCP. The baboons were sacrificed 5 months post-treatment, and histomorphometric analyses were performed under masked conditions. Results: At 5 months post-surgery, the mean length of new cementum for sites treated with AP + ACS, AP + β-TCP, saline + ACS, saline + β-TCP amounted to 3.32±1.7 μ, 3.86±1.0 μ, 2.87±1.3 μ, and 3.15±1.9 μ, respectively. The mean width of new cementum for the corresponding values was 52.5±14.7 μ, 54.5±24.2 μ, 37.4±12.7 μ, and 48.9±12.4 μ, respectively. The mean width of new periodontal ligament for corresponding values was 246±140 μ, 166±26 μ, 251±92 μ, and 240±91 mm. No statistically significant difference was observed for any of the parameters among groups in this pilot study. Conclusions: Preclinical studies showed that AP has positive anabolic effects on bone cells. In this study, no adverse tissue reactions were observed in the AP-treated sites, including root resorption, ankylosis, or a foreign body reaction. The cementum length and width were greater in the sites treated with AP versus sites treated with a control; however, these differences were not significant in the small number of animals used. Further research is needed to define the potential of AP as a periodontal therapeutic agent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)727-736
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of periodontology
Volume81
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2010

Keywords

  • Cementogenesis
  • Growth factors
  • Intercellular signaling peptides and proteins
  • Periodontal ligament
  • Pilot study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics

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