The perinatal mortality rate for 30,928 babies born at Medical Center Hospital, San Antonio, Texas, between 1978 and 1982, was 20.3/1,000 births. Neonatal and fetal mortality rates were, respectively, 10.1/1,000 live births and 10.4/1,000 births. Exclusion of babies who weighed less than 500 gm yielded adjusted fetal, neonatal, and perinatal mortality rates of, respectively, 9.2, 9.8, and 17.9. Birth weight-specific mortality rates were calculated by groups of 250 gm birth weight for all neonates and by increments of 100 gm for babies who weighed 500 to 1,499 gm. Male infants, intrauterine growth-retarded babies, and babies whose mothers were less than 15 years old contributed more deaths than would be expected from the characteristics of the obstetric population. Presumptive cause of fetal death was unknown in 32%, fetal anoxia in 21%, maternal pathologic conditions in 20%, inappropriate fetal growth in 13%, congenital malformations in 8%, and systemic fetal infections in 6%. Leading presumptive causes of neonatal death were immaturity (29%), congenital malformations (18%), hemorrhages (16%), and systemic infections (10%). Hyaline membrane disease and necrotizing enterocolitis contributed, respectively, 7% and 6% of deaths. Past and future trends of perinatal mortality are discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology