Peri-Ictal and Para-Ictal Psychiatric Phenomena: A Relatively Common Yet Unrecognized Disorder

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

5 Scopus citations


Patients with epilepsy can experience different neuropsychiatric symptoms related (peri-ictal) or not (interictal) with seizures. Peri-ictal symptoms can precede (pre-ictal) or follow (post-ictal) the seizure, or even be the expression of the seizure activity (ictal). Neuropsychiatric symptoms, such as irritability and apathy, are among the most frequent pre-ictal manifestations. Ictal fear is reported by around 10% of patients with focal seizures, and sometimes can be difficult to differentiate from panic attacks. Post-ictal anxiety, mood and psychotic symptoms are also frequently reported by patients. Peri-ictal phenomena can occur as isolated symptom or as a cluster of symptoms, sometimes resembling a full-blown psychiatric syndrome. Actually, peri-ictal and interictal neuropsychiatric manifestations seem to be closely associated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCurrent Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages11
StatePublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameCurrent Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
ISSN (Print)1866-3370
ISSN (Electronic)1866-3389


  • Anti-depressants
  • Anti-psychotics
  • Apathy
  • Dysphoric symptoms
  • Forced normalization
  • Ictal fear
  • Ictal symptoms
  • Interictal symptoms
  • Irritability
  • Para-ictal symptoms
  • Peri-ictal symptoms
  • Post-ictal anxiety
  • Post-ictal depression
  • Post-ictal psychoses
  • Post-ictal symptoms
  • Pre-ictal symptoms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience


Dive into the research topics of 'Peri-Ictal and Para-Ictal Psychiatric Phenomena: A Relatively Common Yet Unrecognized Disorder'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this