The authors achieved successful percutaneous extraction of urinary calculi via an intercostal approach in 24 patients. In one patient, a large hydrothorax developed and thoracentesis was required; 2 patients had moderate and 6 minimal pleural fluid collections which did not require treatment. No patient had pneumothorax. Intercostal puncture provides direct access to the upper and middle poles of the kidney when they lie above the twelfth rib and subcostal angulation is not feasible. Such an approach is advantageous for stones in the ureter, as well as renal stones which are inaccessible from the lower pole. Fluoroscopy should be performed when planning the puncture in order to avoid the lung, and a working sheath is recommended.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging