Percutaneous dilational tracheostomy: Report of 141 cases

Boulos Toursarkissian, Thomas N. Zweng, Paul A. Kearney, Walter E. Pofahl, Steven B. Johnson, Donald E. Barker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

130 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tracheostomy is indicated frequently in the treatment of critically ill patients who require prolonged mechanical ventilation. The purpose of this prospective study was to evaluate our initial experience with 141 cases of percutaneous dilational tracheostomy (PDT) performed over a 2-year period. One hundred twenty pDTs (85%) were placed at the bedside, and 21 (15%) were performed in the operating room in conjunction with other procedures. The procedural complication rate was 11% (16 of 141). Most complications were easily recognized and did not preclude the completion of PDT. One death occurred secondary to severe bronchospasm. The postoperative complication rate was 8% (11 of 141). The most frequent complication was peristomal oozing. The average duration of follow-up after decannulation for patients discharged alive and decannulated was 36 ± 27 weeks. There were 3 recognized cases of clinically symptomatic tracheal stenosis. We conclude that PDT is comparable with the open method and can be performed rapidly and safely at the patient's bedside.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)862-867
Number of pages6
JournalThe Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Volume57
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

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Tracheostomy
Tracheal Stenosis
Bronchial Spasm
Operating Rooms
Artificial Respiration
Critical Illness
Prospective Studies
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Surgery

Cite this

Toursarkissian, B., Zweng, T. N., Kearney, P. A., Pofahl, W. E., Johnson, S. B., & Barker, D. E. (1994). Percutaneous dilational tracheostomy: Report of 141 cases. The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 57(4), 862-867. https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-4975(94)90191-0

Percutaneous dilational tracheostomy : Report of 141 cases. / Toursarkissian, Boulos; Zweng, Thomas N.; Kearney, Paul A.; Pofahl, Walter E.; Johnson, Steven B.; Barker, Donald E.

In: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, Vol. 57, No. 4, 1994, p. 862-867.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Toursarkissian, B, Zweng, TN, Kearney, PA, Pofahl, WE, Johnson, SB & Barker, DE 1994, 'Percutaneous dilational tracheostomy: Report of 141 cases', The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, vol. 57, no. 4, pp. 862-867. https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-4975(94)90191-0
Toursarkissian B, Zweng TN, Kearney PA, Pofahl WE, Johnson SB, Barker DE. Percutaneous dilational tracheostomy: Report of 141 cases. The Annals of Thoracic Surgery. 1994;57(4):862-867. https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-4975(94)90191-0
Toursarkissian, Boulos ; Zweng, Thomas N. ; Kearney, Paul A. ; Pofahl, Walter E. ; Johnson, Steven B. ; Barker, Donald E. / Percutaneous dilational tracheostomy : Report of 141 cases. In: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery. 1994 ; Vol. 57, No. 4. pp. 862-867.
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