Percutaneous dilational tracheostomy: Report of 141 cases

Boulos Toursarkissian, Thomas N. Zweng, Paul A. Kearney, Walter E. Pofahl, Steven B. Johnson, Donald E. Barker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

131 Scopus citations


Tracheostomy is indicated frequently in the treatment of critically ill patients who require prolonged mechanical ventilation. The purpose of this prospective study was to evaluate our initial experience with 141 cases of percutaneous dilational tracheostomy (PDT) performed over a 2-year period. One hundred twenty pDTs (85%) were placed at the bedside, and 21 (15%) were performed in the operating room in conjunction with other procedures. The procedural complication rate was 11% (16 of 141). Most complications were easily recognized and did not preclude the completion of PDT. One death occurred secondary to severe bronchospasm. The postoperative complication rate was 8% (11 of 141). The most frequent complication was peristomal oozing. The average duration of follow-up after decannulation for patients discharged alive and decannulated was 36 ± 27 weeks. There were 3 recognized cases of clinically symptomatic tracheal stenosis. We conclude that PDT is comparable with the open method and can be performed rapidly and safely at the patient's bedside.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)862-867
Number of pages6
JournalThe Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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