PELP1 inhibition by SMIP34 reduces endometrial cancer progression via attenuation of ribosomal biogenesis

Xue Yang, Zexuan Liu, Weiwei Tang, Uday P. Pratap, Alexia B. Collier, Kristin A. Altwegg, Rahul Gopalam, Xiaonan Li, Yaxia Yuan, Daohong Zhou, Zhao Lai, Yidong Chen, Gangadhara R. Sareddy, Philip T. Valente, Edward R. Kost, Suryavathi Viswanadhapalli, Ratna K. Vadlamudi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Endometrial carcinoma (ECa) is the fourth most common cancer among women. The oncogene PELP1 is frequently overexpressed in a variety of cancers, including ECa. We recently generated SMIP34, a small-molecule inhibitor of PELP1 that suppresses PELP1 oncogenic signaling. In this study, we assessed the effectiveness of SMIP34 in treating ECa. Treatment of established and primary patient-derived ECa cells with SMIP34 resulted in a significant reduction of cell viability, colony formation ability, and induction of apoptosis. RNA-seq analyses showed that SMIP34-regulated genes were negatively correlated with ribosome biogenesis and eukaryotic translation pathways. Mechanistic studies showed that the Rix complex, which is essential for ribosomal biogenesis, is disrupted upon SMIP34 binding to PELP1. Biochemical assays confirmed that SMIP34 reduced ribosomal biogenesis and new protein synthesis. Further, SMIP34 enhanced the efficacy of mTOR inhibitors in reducing viability of ECa cells. SMIP34 is also effective in reducing cell viability in ECa organoids in vitro and explants ex vivo. Importantly, SMIP34 treatment resulted in a significant reduction of the growth of ECa xenografts. Collectively, these findings underscore the potential of SMIP34 in treating ECa.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMolecular oncology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

Keywords

  • PELP1
  • endometrial cancer
  • mTOR
  • rapamycin
  • ribosomal biogenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Oncology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

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