Patterns of sustained e-cigarette use in a sample of young adults

Me Lisa Creamer, Kathleen Case, Alexandra Loukas, Maria Cooper, Cheryl L. Perry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Introduction: E-cigarette use and devices are rapidly changing, yet there is not much scientific evidence examining these changes over time. The purpose of this study is to describe patterns of e-cigarette use in a sample of sustained (i.e., reporting past 30-day e-cigarette use at every wave) e-cigarette users over a two-year period. Methods: Data are drawn from five waves of the Project M-PACT cohort. Analyses are limited to those reporting past 30-day e-cigarette use at each wave (n = 75). Mixed effects regressions were conducted for the following dependent variables: device type, number of days used, combustible tobacco product use, and symptoms of nicotine dependence. Each model used survey wave as the time variable, and controlled for sociodemographic variables. Results: Among sustained users, the majority reported using a rechargeable device. The average number of days used was about 2 for disposable devices and 14 for rechargeable devices (p <.0001). The odds of combustible tobacco product use decreased over time (AOR = 0.71; 95% CI 0.57–0.89), while symptoms of e-cigarette nicotine dependence increased over time (β = 0.07 SE = 0.03, p-value =.02). For both e-cigarette device types, there were no changes in device type or number of days used over time. Conclusion: This is one of the first studies to look at changes in e-cigarette use, including symptoms of dependence and number of days used over a two-year period. This brief report extends the current literature by examining more than the prevalence and frequency of e-cigarette use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)28-31
Number of pages4
JournalAddictive Behaviors
StatePublished - May 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • E-cigarettes
  • Longitudinal research
  • Trajectories and transitions
  • Young adults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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