Patient outcomes in the field of nursing: A concept analysis

Ying Liu, Kay Coalson Avant, Yupin Aungsuroch, Xin Yu Zhang, Ping Jiang

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    7 Scopus citations


    Purpose This paper reports an analysis of the concept of patient outcomes. Methods The Walker and Avant concept analysis approach was applied. Results The attributes of patient outcomes include (1) patient functional status (maintained or improved), (2) patient safety (protected or unharmed), and (3) patient satisfaction (patient reporting of comfort and contentment). These attributes are influenced by the antecedents of individual patient characteristics and health problems, the structure of healthcare organizations and received health interventions. Additionally, patient outcomes do significantly impact the quality of nursing care, the cost of effective care and healthcare policy making formulation. Conclusion Providing good nursing care to all patients is a central goal of nursing. Patient outcomes in nursing are primarily about the results for the patient receiving nursing care. This analysis provides nurses with a new perspective by helping them to understand all the components within the concept of patient outcomes.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)69-74
    Number of pages6
    JournalInternational Journal of Nursing Sciences
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2014



    • Concept analysis
    • Patient outcomes

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Nursing(all)

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