We have compared the metabolism of (3H) arachidonic acid by monolayers of human amnion, cells obtained prior to or following labor at term. Radiolabel was either added exogenously or previously incorporated into cellular phospholipid pools to compare metabolism of arachidonic acid from different substrate sources. Cells obtained both prior to and following labor synthesized metabolites co-chromatographing on HPLC with di- and mono-HETEs and also a metabolite with polarity corresponding to a epoxyeicosatrienoic acid. Both types of cells were able to synthesize PGE2 when (3H) arachidonic acid was added exogenously. However, only those cells obtained following labor synthesized PGE2 from (3H) arachidonic acid incorporated into intracellular pools. These findings suggest that the cyclooxygenase and PGE2 isomerase enzymes are present in amnion prior to delivery but that exogenous arachidonic acid would be required for PGE2 synthesis at that time as the enzymes do not appear to be linked to a source of endogenous arachidonic acid. At the time of parturition, there may be a switching on of an enzyme system to generate arachidonic acid from intracellular pools specifically for PGE2 synthesis or alternatively coupling of such a system to a cyclooxygenase-PGE2 isomerase system resulting in PGE2 synthesis. These findings raise intriguing new possibilities for the regulation of eicosanoid synthesis in amnion which may include membrane topography, substrate pool-enzyme linking and regulation of specific phospholipase enzymes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cell Biology