Purpose: To compare the outcomes of partially covered self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) placement with surgical gastrojejunostomy (GJ) in patients with gastroduodenal obstruction caused by pancreatic cancer. Methods: The medical records of 107 patients with gastroduodenal obstruction caused by pancreatic cancer who underwent fluoroscopic partially covered SEMS placement (n = 75) or surgical GJ (n = 32) at our institution were reviewed. Results: The technical (100% vs. 100%; P > 0.999) and clinical (98.7% vs. 96.9%; P = 0.511) success rates were similar between the SEMS and GJ group. The mean gastric outlet obstruction scoring system score was higher in the SEMS group at 1 week after treatment (2.3 ± 0.5 vs. 1.2 ± 0.4; P < 0.001) but was similar between the two groups at 1 month (2.7 ± 0.5 vs. 2.8 ± 0.5; P = 0.242). The median hospital stay was shorter in the SEMS group than in the GJ group (7 vs. 14 days; P < 0.001). The overall complication (22.7% vs. 28.1%; P = 0.547) and reintervention (21.3% vs. 25.0%; P = 0.677) rates were similar between the two groups. The median patency (99 vs. 138 days; P = 0.102) and survival (106 vs. 140 days; P = 0.245) were also similar between the two groups. Conclusion: The outcomes of partially covered SEMS placement seem to be more favorable than surgical GJ in patients with gastroduodenal obstruction caused by pancreatic cancer.
- Gastric outlet obstruction
- Pancreatic neoplasms
- Prostheses and implants
- Pyloric stenosis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging