PARP inhibitors as precision medicine for cancer treatment

Yi Du, Hirohito Yamaguchi, Jennifer L. Hsu, Mien Chie Hung

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Personalized or precision medicine is an emerging treatment approach tailored to individuals or certain groups of patients based on their unique characteristics. These types of therapies guided by biomarkers tend to be more effective than traditional approaches, especially in cancer.The inhibitor against poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), olaparib (Lynparza, AstraZeneca), which was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2014, demonstrated efficacy specifically for ovarian cancer patients harboring mutations in BRCA genes, which encode proteins in DNA double-strand break repairs. However, the response to PARP inhibitors has been less encouraging in other cancer types that also carry defects in the BRCA genes. Thus, furthering our understanding of the underlying mechanism of PARP inhibitors and resistance is critical to improve their efficacy. In this review, we summarize the results of preclinical studies and the clinical application of PARP inhibitors, and discuss the future direction of PARP inhibitors as a potential marker-guided personalized medicine for cancer treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)576-592
Number of pages17
JournalNational Science Review
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Combination therapy
  • DNA damage
  • Kinase
  • PARP inhibitor
  • Precision medicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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