Parkinsonism in a population-based study of individuals aged 75+ years: The Pietà study

Thiago Cardoso Vale, Maira Tonidandel Barbosa, Elisa de Paula França Resende, Débora Palma Maia, Mauro César Quintão Cunningham, Henrique Cerqueira Guimarães, João Carlos Barbosa Machado, Antônio Lucio Teixeira, Francisco Cardoso, Paulo Caramelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Parkinsonism is one of the most prevalent neurological syndromes in the elderly. There are only a few epidemiological studies focusing on parkinsonism in oldest-old individuals, particularly in Latin America. This study aims to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of parkinsonism in subjects aged 75 + years living in the community. Methods: The Pietà study is a population-based investigation on brain aging conducted in Caeté, southeast Brazil. A sample composed of 610 community-dwelling individuals aged 75 + years (48.7% of the total population within this age range) underwent clinical, neurological, cognitive and functional assessments. Results: The sample comprised mostly women (61.5%), with mean age of 83.3 years and mean schooling of 2.5 years. Parkinsonism was identified in 65 subjects (crude prevalence = 10.7%). Parkinson's disease, Parkinsonism + dementia syndrome, drug-induced parkinsonism, vascular parkinsonism and Lewy-body dementia were identified in, respectively, 19 (29.2%), 19 (29.2%), 8 (12.3%), 4 (6.1%) and 1 (1.5%) subjects. In 14 individuals (21.5%), the etiology of parkinsonism could not be determined. The most important vascular risk factor was hypertension (64.6%). Cognitive evaluation disclosed dementia in 37 (56.9%) subjects. Mean Pfeffer's functional activities questionnaire score was 12.2 points and 22 (33.8%) subjects were impaired in basic activities of daily living. Conclusion: Parkinsonism was common in this oldest-old population, being associated with dementia and vascular risk factors, particularly hypertension. Different confounders, such as concomitant dementia and exposure to anti-dopaminergic drugs, were present in this population, challenging the definition of causes of parkinsonism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)76-81
Number of pages6
JournalParkinsonism and Related Disorders
Volume56
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2018
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Clinical Neurology

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