Oxidative stress-mediated aging during the fetal and perinatal periods

Lucia Marseglia, Gabriella D'Angelo, Sara Manti, Teresa Arrigo, Ignazio Barberi, Russel J. Reiter, Eloisa Gitto

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

65 Scopus citations

Abstract

Oxidative stress is worldwide recognized as a fundamental component of the aging, a process that begins before birth. There is a critical balance between free radical generation and antioxidant defenses. Oxidative stress is caused by an imbalance between the production of free radicals and the ability of antioxidant system to detoxify them. Oxidative stress can occur early in pregnancy and continue in the postnatal period; this damage is implicated in the pathophysiology of pregnancy-related disorders, including recurrent pregnancy loss, preeclampsia and preterm premature rupture of membranes. Moreover, diseases of the neonatal period such as bronchopulmonary dysplasia, retinopathy of prematurity, necrotizing enterocolitis, and periventricular leukomalacia are related to free radical damage. The specific contribution of oxidative stress to the pathogenesis and progression of these neonatal diseases is only partially understood. This review summarizes what is known about the role of oxidative stress in pregnancy and in the pathogenesis of common disorders of the newborn, as a component of the early aging process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number358375
JournalOxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Volume2014
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Aging
  • Cell Biology

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