Oxidative stress and persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn treated with inhaled nitric oxide and different oxygen concentrations

Eloisa Gitto, Salvatore Pellegrino, Salvatore Aversa, Carmelo Romeo, Giuseppe Trimarchi, Ignazio Barberi, Maria Pia Calabró, Carmelo Damiano Salpietro, Russell J. Reiter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of inhaled NO with different oxygen concentrations on the inflammatory cascade in newborns with hypoxic respiratory failure secondary to persistent pulmonary hypertension. Methods: 60 newborns received iNO and 30 of them received an initial oxygen concentration of 45% (group 1), while the other 30 newborns received an initial oxygen concentration of 80% (group 2). The levels of inflammatory cytokines (IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α) were measured. The clinical outcome was also recorded. Results: The findings show that interleukin concentrations (IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α) were significantly decreased between 0 and 72 hours (p < 0.01) in the newborns exposed to initial oxygen concentration of 45% and significantly increased in the other group. Conclusions: When inhaled, NO was co-administered with concentration of O2 <45%, anti-inflammatory responses occurred, in accord with evidence in the published literature. The benefits of iNO on the clinical outcome in the current study demonstrate that inhaled NO in both groups was associated with improved short-term oxygenation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1723-1726
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine
Volume25
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2012

Keywords

  • Free radicals
  • Newborns
  • Nitric oxide
  • Oxygen
  • Pulmonary hypertension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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