The leukotoxin of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans has been implicated in the pathogenesis of inflammatory periodontal disease. We examined a potential mechanism for detoxification of this microbial product by the neutrophil myeloperoxidase system. Exposure to myeloperoxidase, H2O2, and a halide resulted in marked inactivation of leukotoxin, an effect which required each component of the myeloperoxidase system. Toxin inactivation was blocked by agents which inhibit heme enzymes (azide, cyanide) or degrade H2O2 (catalase). Reagent H2O2 could be replaced by the peroxide-generating enzyme system glucose oxidase plus glucose. The latter system, in fact, was more potent than reagent H2O2 in terms of the capacity to inactivate high concentrations of toxin. Toxin inactivation was complete within 1 and 2 min at 37° C. These observations suggest a possible role for oxidative inactivation of leukotoxin by secretory products of neutrophils.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases