Oxidant sensor cation channel TRPM2 regulates neutrophil extracellular trap formation and protects against pneumoseptic bacterial infection

Jitendra Kumar Tripathi, Atul Sharma, Pramod Sukumaran, Yuyang Sun, Bibhuti Bhusan Mishra, Brij Bhan Singh, Jyotika Sharma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) formation constitutes an important extracellular antimicrobial function of neutrophils that plays a protective role in bacterial pneumonia. Formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as highly diffusible hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is a hallmark of oxidative stress during inflammatory lung conditions including pneumonia. However, the impact of exogenous ROS on NET formation and the signaling pathway involved in the process is not completely understood. Here we demonstrate that the ROS-sensing, nonselective, calcium-permeable channel transient receptor potential melastatin 2 (TRPM2) is required for NET formation in response to exogenous H2O2. This TRPM2-dependent H2O2-mediated NET formation involved components of autophagy and activation of AMPK and p38 MAPK, but not PI3K and AKT. Primary neutrophils from Trpm22/2 mice fail to activate this pathway with a block in NET release and a concomitant decrease in their antimicrobial capacity. Consequently, Trpm22/2 mice were highly susceptible to pneumonic infection with Klebsiella pneumoniae owing to an impaired NET formation and high bacterial burden despite increased neutrophil infiltration in their lungs. These results identify a key role of TRPM2 in regulating NET formation by exogenous ROS via AMPK/p38 activation and autophagy machinery, as well as a protective antimicrobial role of TRPM2 in pneumonic bacterial infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6848-6859
Number of pages12
JournalFASEB Journal
Volume32
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2018

Keywords

  • Cell signaling
  • Pneumonic sepsis
  • Reactive oxygen species

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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