Overproduction of Nε-(carboxymethyl)lysine-induced neovascularization in cultured choroidal explant of aged rat

Shinjiro Kobayashi, Masaaki Nomura, Tatsuo Nishioka, Minoru Kikuchi, Akina Ishihara, Ryoji Nagai, Nobuyoshi Hagino

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14 Scopus citations


Nε-(Carboxymethyl)lysine (CML) adduct, a major structure of advanced glycation end product, facilitated production of immature microvessels from choroidal explant cultured in fibrin gel. The present study was investigated an action of endogenous CML adduct on neovascularization of cultured choroidal explants of aged Wistar rats with 9 months of age. The number of microvessels budded from explants was counted under optical microscope and used as an index of in vitro neovascularization. Aged choroidal explants increased the neovascularization in an age-dependent manner. Anti-CML antibody decreased age-facilitated neovascularization as well as CML-human serum albumin (HSA)-facilitated neovascularization. Both the aged explant and CML-HSA-treated explant significantly released vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-B during the culture period. The release of TNF α and PDGF-B was earlier than that of VEGF from the aged explants. The antibodies against these factors decreased the CML-facilitated and age-facilitated neovascularization in the choroidal explants. The inhibitory capacity of anti-TNF α antibody was greater than those of anti-VEGF and anti-PDGF-B antibodies. In conclusion, endogenous CML adduct overproduced the neovascularization of the aged choroidal explant. The CML adduct releases TNF α which might induce the production and release of VEGF for the abnormal choroidal neovascularization in the patients of age-related macular degeneration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)133-138
Number of pages6
JournalBiological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2007


  • Age-related macular degeneration
  • Choroidal neovascularization
  • N-(carboxymethyl)lysine
  • Tumor necrosis factor α
  • Vascular endothelial growth factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science


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