Overexpression of the 14-3-3γ protein in uterine leiomyoma cells results in growth retardation and increased apoptosis

Qi Shen, Xiaoli Hu, Lulu Zhou, Shuangwei Zou, Lu Zhe Sun, Xueqiong Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Protein 14-3-3γ was significantly reduced in human uterine leiomyoma compared to the adjacent normal myometrium tissue. To investigate the possible link between the reduced 14-3-3γ expression and uterine leiomyoma growth, we have overexpressed 14-3-3γ protein in uterine leiomyomal cells and its effects on cell proliferation and apoptosis were analyzed. Over-expression of 14-3-3γ was achieved by transducing into two types of uterine leiomyoma cells (primary culture cells and immortal stem cells) with a 14-3-3γ expressing adenovirus vector. Differentially expressed proteins were screened by the proteomics tool (TMT-LCTMS), followed by PANTHER database analysis to single out specifically modified signaling pathway proteins, which were confirmed by Phospho-MAPK Antibody Array and Western blots analysis. The results showed that increase in 14-3-3γ expression in both two types of human uterine leiomyoma cells inhibited cell proliferation and induced apoptosis. Proteomic screening has found 42 proteins, among 5846, that were significantly affected. PANTHER database and GeneMANIA analysis of the differentially expressed proteins have found that proteins involved in apoptosis signaling and cytoskeletal/adhesion were among the ones affected the most. Further analysis of the key signaling pathways have found that over-expression of 14-3-3γ resulted in reductions in the phosphorylations of multiple signaling molecules, including AKT, pan, ERK1/2, GSK-3 α/β, MEK1/2, Foxo1 and Vimentin. In conclusion, the loss of 14-3-3γ may have causal effects on the growth of uterine leiomyoma, which may function through modifying multiple signaling pathways, including AKT-Foxo and/or MEK1/2-ERK1/2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-53
Number of pages11
JournalCellular Signalling
StatePublished - May 2018


  • 14-3-3γ
  • Apoptosis
  • Bioinformatics
  • Proliferation
  • Signaling pathway
  • Uterine leiomyoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology


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